Data Science with Python Roadmap from Scratch- Step by Step Guide for 2024

Data Science with Python Roadmap

Do you want to learn data science with python and looking for Data Science with Python Roadmap? If yes, then this article is for you. In this article, you will find a step-by-step roadmap to learn data science with python. Along with that, at each step, you will find resources to learn.

So without any further ado, let’s get started-

Data Science with Python Roadmap

So, you have chosen Python programming. Good Decision!

Because Python is one of the most widely used programming languages in the data science field. Python has many packages and libraries specifically tailored for certain functions such as pandas, NumPy, scikit-learn, Matplotlib, and SciPy.

Now let’s see in what order you should start learning data science with Python.

Step 1- Learn Python First

Data Science with Python Roadmap

If you are a complete beginner and don’t have Python Programming knowledge, then first learn Python.

But if you already have Python knowledge, then you are one step closer to learning data science.

Why I am suggesting learning Python first?

Because Data Science is all about implementation. And if you don’t have programming knowledge, you can’t implement anything.

Now you might be thinking, “How much Python should I learn at this step?”

At this step, only learn Python Basics. So that you can code in Python.

-Resources for Learning Python

Step 2- Learn Math & Statistics

Data Science with Python Roadmap

To learn data science, you should have a good understanding of Statistics and mathematics. Knowledge of statistics will give you the ability to decide which algorithm is good for a certain problem.

Statistics knowledge includes statistical tests, distributions, and maximum likelihood estimators. All are essential in data science.

Knowledge of Statistics helps you to count well, normalize well, obtain distributions, find out the mean of your input feature, and its standard deviation.

Mathematics helps you to identify under-fitting and over-fitting by understanding the Bias-Variance tradeoff.

-Resources for Learning Statistics & Maths-

Step 3- Familiar with Python Libraries

Data Science with Python Roadmap

Now, you need to know how to deal with data. And for this, Python has a rich set of libraries to perform data manipulation, analysis, and visualization.

Libraries are the collection of pre-existing functions and objects. You can import these libraries into your script to save time.

Python has the following libraries-

  • Numpy- NumPy will help you to perform numerical operations on data. With the help of NumPy, you can convert any kind of data into numbers. Sometimes data is not in a numeric form, so we need to use NumPy to convert data into numbers.
  • Pandas- pandas is an open-source data analysis and manipulation tool. With the help of pandas, you can work with data frames. Dataframes are nothing but similar to Excel files.
  • Matplotlib– Matplotlib allows you to draw a graph and charts of your findings. Sometimes it’s difficult to understand the result in tabular form. That’s why converting the results into a graph is important. And for that, Matplotlib will help you.
  • Scikit-Learn- Scikit-Learn is one of the most popular Machine Learning Libraries in Python. Scikit-Learn has various machine learning algorithms and modules for pre-processing, cross-validation, etc.

-Resources for Learning Python Libraries-

Step 4- Brush Up on SQL Skills

Data Science with Python Roadmap

You should know how to store and manage your data in a database. That’s why you should have an understanding of SQL.

You can manipulate data using both SQL and Pandas. But there are certain data manipulation tasks that can be easily performed using SQL.

That’s why you should know how to use SQL and Python together efficiently.

-Resources for Learning SQL-

Step 5- Learn Machine Learning Algorithms

Data Science with Python Roadmap

Now, you have learned Python libraries. It’s time to learn Machine Learning Concepts

At this step, you need to learn the basics of Machine Learning and Types of Machine Learning algorithms( Supervised, Unsupervised, Semi-Supervised, Reinforcement Learning).

You can watch the Andrew Ng Machine Learning Course for understanding the basics. You can also check these machine learning resources.

-Resources for Learning Machine Learning-

Step 6- Build Your First Machine Learning Model with scikit-learn

Data Science with Python Roadmap

Now, you know how to perform data manipulation, analysis, and visualization. It’s time to predict something and find interesting patterns from data. So start building your first Machine Learning Model.

scikit-learn is a library offered by Python. scikit-learn contains many useful machine learning algorithms built-in ready for you to use.

Now you need to experiment with different machine learning algorithms.

Find a Machine learning problem, take data, apply different machine learning algorithms, and find out which algorithm gives more accurate results. 

Step 7- Take Part in Data Science Competitions

Data Science with Python Roadmap

Now it’s time to practice and check your command in Data Science. The best way to practice is to take part in competitions. Competitions will make you even more proficient in Data Science.

When we talk about top data science competitions, Kaggle is one of the most popular platforms for data science. Kaggle has a lot of competitions where you can participate according to your knowledge level.

You can start with some basic level competitions such as Titanic – Machine Learning from Disaster, and as you gain more confidence in the competitions, you can choose more advanced competitions.

You can also check these platforms for data science competitions-

That’s all!. If you follow these steps and gain these required skills, then you can easily learn data science with Python. But the most important thing is to keep enhancing your skills by working on more and more challenges.

The more you practice, the more knowledge of data science you will gain. So after completing these steps, don’t stop, just find new challenges and try to solve them.

These projects and challenges will make your portfolio more impressive than others.

Now it’s time to wrap up!

Conclusion

In this article, I have discussed a step-by-step Data Science with Python Roadmap. If you have any doubts or queries, feel free to ask me in the comment section. I am here to help you.

All the Best for your Career!

Happy Learning!

Thank YOU!

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Though of the Day…

It’s what you learn after you know it all that counts.’

John Wooden

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Written By Aqsa Zafar

Founder of MLTUT, Machine Learning Ph.D. scholar at Dayananda Sagar University. Research on social media depression detection. Create tutorials on ML and data science for diverse applications. Passionate about sharing knowledge through website and social media.

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